PoCs in Ecuador are classified into three main groupings. Refugees, migrants and rejected refugees. In theory PoCs have the right to work, however there are gaps in the implementation of progressive policies. Most PoCs are located in urban areas, specifically Quito with 87.5% of PoCs being of Colombian origin. While institution assistance was provided for refugees (60%), 80% of rejected refugees claim they have received no institutional assistance. Additionally, only 26.3% of registered refugees have access to bank and savings accounts while the number is lower for rejected refugees at 20.6%. Furthermore, 20% of PoCs receive loans through irregular money lenders with interest rates as high as 20%. 55% of PoCs are self-employed, while 21.3% work in trade and 12.20% work in informal sales. 70% of PoCs live in an urban context with 24.2% of PoCs report discrimination when seeking employment.
Ecuador is a middle income country ranking 98 on UNDP’s Human Development Scale. 24.5% of Ecuadorians are living in extreme poverty (INEC, National Institute for Statistics). Ecuador has a GINI coefficient of 47.2 (INEC) hinting to structural social tensions. In recent years, Ecuador was hosting the largest refugee population in all of Latin America and adopted the Brazil Declaration as well as a plan of action for its incorporation. Ecuador experienced growth due to the boom of oil prices between 2007-2014, however, as Ecuador’s economy relied heavily on the exploitation of natural resources, Ecuador has a seen an acceleration in its environmental degradation. Due to the decrease in oil sales, Ecuador’s growth rate has dropped to 2.4% per annum since 2017(OECD). According to the WFP, 62% of Ecuadorian children are stunted (WFP).
6,000 beneficiaries from Refugee and host communities
1,000 beneficiaries from Refugee and Host communities