Refugees in Egypt can only legally find employment when no national is found to be qualified for the position, with the exception of Sudanese PoCs, who may receive working permits. PoCs in Cairo report low pay and long hours in addition to discrimination in the job search, work place, earnings and contracts. Most Syrian PoCs have prior work experience and various levels of education, leading to the potential to contribute substantially to the Egyptian economy.. The food sector has been identified as the most promising industry for refugees given its low entry barriers as well as a growing market demand for Syrian restaurants. The main employment challenges for PoCs in Egypt would be incomplete information regarding suppliers and quality, lack of revenue streams, limited business development services, informal employment (80% of PoCs) as well as the exclusion of women from the workplace.
The economic situation in Egypt is increasingly challenging due to price increases, a high inflation rate and few employment opportunities. Regarding economic growth, Egypt has a GDP increase of 4.2% per annum, spearheaded by three main sectors which currently exhibit the most potential for growth trajectories. These industries include the food industry (restaurants and food processing), the furniture production industry and the textile industry (ready made garments) (ILO).
According to the WFP, 28% of Egyptians live in poverty with an unemployment rate of 8.9% (WFP).