Situation

 

Lebanon is a party to a number of human rights treaties relevant to the protection of asylum-seekers and refugees, but not to the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of refugees. The country has also no legal or administrative framework relating to asylum. Refugees and asylum-seekers are not distinguished from other foreigners and fall under the provisions of the 1962 Immigration Law (GFI). As of 2018, Lebanon hosted around 982,012 PoCs, one fourth of the overall population. Most PoCs who are employed work in temporary or informal positions with 22% working in agriculture and 33% working in construction. Additionally only 7.6% of female PoCs actively participate in the labour force.  Syrian PoCs may access a government issued work permit, but in practice, receiving a work permit is extremely rare. Furthermore, one of the prerequisites to applying for a work permit is having a residency permit.However, a residency permit is a document which is lacking for 80% of PoCs. Due to the limit to working visas, over 92% of PoCs have no written contracts and 86% have no job related benefits. While PoCs have access to vocational training services, they are provided by the UNHCR and 3rd party partners.


Lebanon’s economy has been severely impacted by the Syrian crisis. GDP growth has fallen from 8%-10% annually prior to the crisis to 1%-2% between the years 2011-2017. Additionally, the crisis has cost Lebanon 18.15 billion USD due to economic slowdown and pressure on public services. Due to border closures, goods must be shipped in alternate methods increasing transportation costs and negatively impacting the trade industry. Due to a lack of formal sector jobs, 44% of nationals work in informal employment.

Country Response