Situation

 

Ukraine is a signatory to the 1951 Convention and has relevant legislative and procedural frameworks (GFI). The PoC population for Ukraine consists of 3,000 refugees as well as 5,000 asylum seekers. Registered refugees have the right to employment, education and financial services, however for asylum seekers, access to these essential services are limited. Additionally, Ukraine has a large population of IDPs, whose presence has led to the deprioritization of the refugee situation. Two of the biggest private employment agencies in the world “Adecco and Manpower” have branches in Ukraine with the former interested in refugee employment. The GoU does not provide material assistance for refugees and medical care is only available for registered refugees, although access to medical care usually accompanies informal fees as well as other barriers. Access to primary and secondary education is however comprehensive, and most adolescents are enrolled in schooling. For asylum seekers especially, it is hard to enter the labour market due to a lack of documentation although even for refugees with the proper documentation, a lack of skills and language abilities limits PoC opportunities regarding employment. The main livelihoods activities for both asylum seekers and refugees is work in the retail business.


During the past five years, Ukraine has experienced acute political, security and economic challenges. Ukraine has seen a 2.8% growth in ITS GDP in the past year driven by a productive agricultural harvest in addition to the sectors dependent on domestic demand/trade and construction, with both sectors seeing a 5% increase. Higher consumption rates have helped reduce poverty in addition to the GoU’s monetary policies which help keep macroeconomic stability. Ukraine's economy desperately needs foreign investment, however investments are constrained due to difficult external conditions. Ukraine's strongest industries are currently the service and consumption industries (World Bank).

Country Response