In Burundi, PoCs have access to work permits to access formal employment as well as the right to access land and natural resources. Overall, there are 75,274 refugees in Burundi, 73,261 of which are from the DRC, and 4,685 asylum seekers. PoCs in Burundi face the same constraints as major parts of the population, with the national context greatly impacting their supply capacity, which has led to severe food insecurity and a growing poverty rate among PoCs. Some PoCs currently engage in small scale commerce and self-sustainable businesses, however, due to an unstable political situation, urban refugee businesses might be negatively impacted. Most previous livelihood initiatives were unsuccessful due to a lack of knowledge regarding market assessments and growth sectors. Out of 1,437 PoCs surveyed, 7.6% worked in trade, 3% worked in one time jobs and 65.2% were dependent on food aid distributions.

Burundi has had a low growth rate per annum, at only 1.1% over the last 10 years. Paired with a population growth of 3% per annum, Burundi’s growth is concerningly diluted by the population increase. The agricultural industry is the strongest sector accounting for over 40% of GDP and providing 85% of the country’s employment, however, due to severe structural problems and low productivity, the industry has seen only a 2% growth level in the last 10 years. Burundi scored a 38.8 on the Global Hunger Index with over 50% of households being food insecure. Additionally, 22% of Burundi’s lack roof dwellings with only 52.4% having access to electricity in urban areas. With an economy that relies heavily on donors, 95% of Burundi’s are working in informal employment, with 64.9% of the country being listed as poor and 38.7% being listed as extremely poor (World Bank).

Country Response