Situation

 

As a signatory to the refugee convention and other international treaties, Uganda has a long history of providing asylum, having a constant stream of around 160,000 PoCs since 1959. Currently, Uganda hosts around 1.2 million PoCs benefiting from the GoU's implementation of progressive policies. Refugees are integrated and have equal access to services as nationals. Refugees have the right work, freedom of movement and access to documentation in addition to 50% receiving land allocation for shelter and agriculture purposes. Although policies are favorable, many refugees live in remote and underdeveloped regions, leaving refugees prone to poverty and limited access to economic opportunities.  Main income generating opportunities for refugees include farming at 24.5%, businesses at 17.8% and casual labour at 10.5%. Additionally, 80% of PoCs are women and children with children at 57%. 


Uganda’s average growth rate slowed from 7% in the last decade to 4% as of 2017. Uganda remains an agricultural economy, with the sector employing much of the countries employment opportunities at 75%. Despite being the main industry, agricultural in Uganda has a low productive growth rate hindering the economic growth. One of the main obstacles hindering the agriculture sectors growth is a lack of modernization in the sector. Another obstacle for the country's overall economic productivity would be the poor educational level, with primary education completion dropping from 60% in 2005 to 55% in 2015. Given the rapid youth population increase in the country, a poor education system has direct effect on the country’s economic power. Nonetheless, poverty levels have decreased from 56.4% in 1992/3 to 21.4% in 2016/17. However, the GINI coefficient increased from .426 in 2009/10 to .431 within the same year. Additionally, Uganda ranked 163 out of 187 in the Human Development Index (UNICEF).

Country Response