Situation

 

While Jordan is not a signatory to the 1951 Convention on the Status of Refugees, nonetheless, its constitution prohibits the extradition of political refugees. However, Jordan still lacks domestic refugee legislation and policies that would enable the appropriate measures for the protection and rights of PoCs. Additionally, labour laws do not protect PoCs, nor does the national legislation define a clear process for obtaining work permits. Jordan has taken limited steps to integrate Syrian PoCs into the labour market however no substantial initiatives have been implemented, however skilled workers have more access to the market. Most PoCs reside in four camps throughout the northern part of the country and given the generally low skills of PoCs, most PoCs find themselves competing directly with Jordanian nationals for employment. PoCs have to pay for work permits which cost around 24-522 USD, too high a cost for most PoCs . The main occupations for PoCs include housekeeping, farm hands and laborers as well as builders. Additionally, labour generated income contributes only 3% of household income for over 80% of refugees within the country.


Jordan’s economy has been negatively impacted by the Syrian conflict, with GDP growth hovering at between 2-3% opposed to 8% in 2009. Prior to the conflict, Jordan’s economy relied heavily on trade crossing the Syrian border which has decreased tremendously when the border crossings closed in Ramtha and Nasib, suspending an estimated 500 million USD$ annually in trade, with national exports declining by 7%. Furthermore, Jordan has large informal economy, comprising 26% of its overall GDP. Additionally, with a GINI coefficient of 33.7, Jordan relies heavily on remittance from Gulf countries, leading to the overall instability of the country’s economy.

Country Response