Situation

 

Although the UNHCR is currently working with the Chadian government to implement refugee employment laws, formal employment is currently impossible for refugees. There are about approximately 55,000 PoCs in Chad’s South Western region. Due to a poor harvest in 2018/19, the Southern region is suffering from a lack of livelihood opportunities for PoCs as well as insufficient food rations which has led to chronic forms of malnutrition, stunting and anemia. Although socio economic integration is permitted, many PoCs have turned to prostitution to help support their livelihoods. The prolonged economic down has been affecting both PoCs and nationals the typical refugee and host community ratio is 1/3. There has been recent tension between PoCs and host communities over local natural resources.


Chad has been struggling with recurrent humanitarian emergencies stemming from internal factors including chronic poverty, under development, climate change, and poor access to basic services. The oil and agriculture sectors are the largest in Chad and while deserts account for 80% of Chad’s surface area, 80% of Chadians are engaged in agro-pastoral sector. In 2017, oil provided about 60% of export revenue with cotton, cattle, livestock and gum providing the bulk of Chad’s non-oil export earnings. According to recent reports, the government of Chad is planning a joint program with UNHCR assistance to provide protection for 630,000 PoCs while providing 200,000 of those with durable solutions. Chad has a 21% poverty rate in urban settings and a 52% poverty rate in rural settings, with an overall 82% of Chadians living in a rural setting. Additionally, Chad scored a 183 out of 187 in the Human Development Index  (World Bank). .

Coalition Response