Although the UNHCR is currently working with the Chadian government to implement refugee employment laws, formal employment is currently impossible for refugees. There are approximately 55,000 PoCs in Chad’s South Western region. Due to a poor harvest in 2018/19, the Southern region is suffering from a lack of livelihood opportunities as well as insufficient food rations which has led to chronic forms of malnutrition, stunting and anaemia. The prolonged economic downturn has been affecting both PoCs and nationals and there has been recent tension between PoCs and host communities over local natural resources. The oil and agriculture sectors are the largest in Chad and while deserts account for 80% of Chad’s surface area, 80% of Chadians are engaged in the agro-pastoral sector.