Situation

 

Over the past 40 years, Malawi has been one of the most stable and peaceful countries in Africa. It has an enviable record of holding five predominantly peaceful elections, including the smooth transition of

power between opposing parties. However, unlike other countries on the continent, this stability has not translated into sustained development and poverty reduction. 


In Malawi, PoCs have no rights to work, land/resources nor freedom of movement. PoCs do however have access to financial services and owning a business. Malawi’s legal framework has restrictive government laws and policies to access employment opportunities, movement, and education outside the camp. However it is important to underline that in 2011 the government developed a draft refugee law in accord with key international instruments relating to refugees, however, it has yet to promulgate the law. 53% of PoCs are women with a similar percentage being children. 51.1% originate from the DRC, 20.5 from Burundi and 18% from Rwanda. Additionally, 85% of PoCs own business licenses to conduct minor opportunities within Dzaleka refugee camp. 


Malawi benefits from a stable government and a democratic multi-party system. With support from the UN as well as development partners, Malawi has been able to make important economic reform and sustain its economic growth rates over the past decade. However, poverty is still widespread and economy is subject to shocks. Malawi has discussed incorporating the CRRF and is working on an additional growth and development strategy in cooperation with the UN. Malawi also included refugees interventions in the 2019-2023 Malawi UNDAF strategy. Agriculture remains the strongest industry of the country earning 30% of GDP and is subject to rise due to recent rainfall. Maize production has already had a positive impact on the economy, contributing to the decrease in inflation to 9.3% from a former 22.8%. Inflation in Malawi has been above 20 per cent per annum since mid-2012, well above regional averages. This resulted in higher prices for essentials including food, electricity and transportation, and has had the greatest effect on the poor, especially women and children. Since January 2017, however, inflation has been declining consistently reaching 9.3 per cent in March 2019 due to prudent fiscal management and declining food prices.  Although agriculture cumulative output decreased by 35% in 2010, maize boosted from 2.6 million metric tons to 3.3 million. Although the manufacturing industry growth decreased by 2.4% since 2015, the production of maize is subject to have a positive effect on the manufacturing industry as the two sectors are interlinked. 

Country Response