Situation

 

Kenya has the fifth largest refugee population in Africa and the 11th largest in the world. The basis for Kenya’s national PoC legal framework are two government acts in addition to being a signatory to the 1951 Refugee Convention. The largest group of PoCs are Somali at 58% followed by South Sudanese at 23%. A main challenge for PoCs is the untimeliness and lack of accessibility to documentation, with undocumented PoCs in threat of detention and deportation (GFI). Work permits are available for PoCs however the process is lengthy and inconsistent, leading to less than 100 PoCs receiving work permits annually. Business licenses however are easier to obtain and most PoCs opt for this option. The majority of PoCs find employment in competitive informal sectors with Kenya’s business community hesitant to engage them in the labour market. The main livelihoods activities for PoCs are business at 43%, casual labour at 27.05%, begging at 7% and aid at 5%.The main challenges for PoCs consist of limited movement and access to work permits as well as a lack of capital in which to start a business.


60% of Nairobi’s inhabitants live in poorly serviced informal settlements plagues by high poverty levels. Additionally, over one third and a half of Kenya’s urban population lives in poverty. Furthermore, Kenya’s GDP growth has seen a decrease from 7% in 2006 to around 3.5% in recent years which led to a weakening of economic growth, failing to create the conditions necessary for the strengthening of the formal sector. Currently, over 75% of Kenyans work in the informal sector. The sectors with the most growth are agriculture, building, construction communications, wholesale and the finance sector. Additionally, the industries with the most room for inclusion include the tanning and skinning industry, trading, livestock, solar energy engineering and business .

Country Response