Situation

 

While Mozambique is a signatory to the 1951 convention, it has made some reservations regarding certain articles, resulting in no acceptances of RSD cases since 2011. Due to continued hostilities, the number of new arrivals in the country is set to 160 PoC per month. Currently there are 27,458 PoCs in the country mostly residing in urban settings as camps are used mainly for registration (GFI). PoCs in the country have access to formal work permits, land/resources, freedom of movement, financial services as well as owning a business. There are livelihood opportunities for PoC, but the vast majority are in the informal sector. 


The main employment and growth potentials for Mozambique are in the agriculture sector followed by the service industry. Agriculture comprised of 29% of Mozambique’s GDP with 50% of overall agriculture production stemming from Nampula as well as 40% of the countries livestock. The main constraint for PoCs are a lack of interest in agriculture, inadequate access to facilities as well as financial services to assist livelihoods during seasons of low demand. Mozambique is a low income country lagging behind in most indicators on the Human Development Index.  Mozambique has on overall population of 28 million with an annual growth rate of 2.7%. More than 50% of the population is under the age of 18 and while over 80% of children enter primary school, there is only a 40% completion rate (GFI). Mozambique’s annual GDP growth rate stands at 3.8% for 2016-17 however, has dropped to 3.3% in 2018. The weakest industries are the tourism industry, the logistics industry and the insurance industry. Mozambique has a poverty level of 46.1% as 70% of the population work and live in rural areas. Regardless, the country is endowed with ample and arable land, water, energy, minerals and recently discovered natural gas. Its strategic location is ideal as many of its neighbors rely on Mozambique’s ports for access to the global market. Mozambique currently has an inflation rate of 3.5% and an external date of 85.2% (World Bank).

Country Response