In Rwanda, PoCs have the legal rights to employment, however, structural problems make it difficult for refugees to become self-reliant. 91% of PoCs  live in camps with limited employment opportunities and  access to financial services. Once PoCs leave the camps, they no longer have access to assistance from UNHCR or the WFP. Currently, the GoR in coordination with the UNHCR is implementing a strategy to assist PoCs with integration, however as of now, PoCs are still heavily reliant on the UNHCR and other agencies. The largest PoC populations in the country are in Mahama, Kigeme and Kiziba. Of the PoCs in Rwanda, 51.5% are Congolese, 48.5% are Burundian with 76% of PoCs being women or children with children at 50%. The main economic activities for PoCs within the various camps include inter-camp trading established by the PoCs, some other economic activities include tailoring and hairdressing (World Bank).

Rwanda has an unemployment rate of 16.7%, with the percentage higher for youth at 21%. Additionally, 91% of Rwandans work in informal employment, an occurrence that aggravates the quality of stable employment initiatives. Over 3,500,000 of the total 6, 700,000 Rwandans of working age work exclusively in subsistence agriculture and have practically zero monetary income. Currently, the GoR is working on an National Employment Program (NEP)to assist the 120,000 young professionals who are entering the labour market each year, however, PoCs are not included in this initiative. The main industry for Rwanda is the agriculture sector comprising between 84.9%-85.2% of employment in most districts. An exception is the Gatsibo district which has an informal private sector comprising 81.7% of the districts employment (World Bank).

Country Response