The overall goal is to increase the self-reliance and integration of 16,948 extremely poor families of refugees and host communities in Colombia though the Graduation Model Approach (GMA).
Recently, Colombia has seen an increase in Venezuelan PoCs, from 300,000 in 2017 to over 1 million. Over 442,000 Venezuelan PoCs received a special two year permit allotting them access to basic services including access to the labour market. Additionally, as of November 2018, Colombia currently has 7.8 million IDP’s. Colombia has a 26.9% poverty rate with 7% of the country being classified as extremely poor (OECD 1). Currently, 50% of Colombians work in informal employment, with unemployment decreasing from 15.6% to 9.6% in recent years. Regardless, 52% of Colombian’s are currently self-employed, with 83% of self-employed individuals working in unregistered businesses in which 93% of these individuals are not being covered by social security (OECD 2).
As of August 26th, Colombia has 562.113 reported cases and 17.889 deaths due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Among those affected are different indigenous peoples and other vulnerable communities, especially in the Amazon region. Since March 20th of this year, Colombia has been in lockdown due to COVID-19, with an ongoing state of social emergency until August 30th. The Colombian Finance Ministry expects the gross domestic product (GDP) will contract by 5.5% due to the economic effects of the pandemic. Unemployment rates have risen.
CACH’s programmes have continued with adjustment in activities, increasing multipurpose cash assistance. Additionally, a regional project in Venezuela and bordering areas in Brazil and Colombia, has recently started implementation, benefitting at-risk persons for COVID-19, vulnerable migrants, refugees, indigenous communities and host communities. The focus lies on humanitarian aid as well as on preventive and protective measures for the affected populations.