Situation

 

PoCs in Niger have access to formal work permits, land/resources, freedom of movement, financial services as well as owning a business.Refugees in the Diffa region are mostly Nigerian with the Tahou and Tillabery regions being complied of mostly Malian refugees. There are livelihood opportunities for PoC, but the vast majority are in the informal sector. Most frequent employment generating activities for PoCs include small business, restoration, sewing and small scale livestock. Additionally, from for refugee economic integration include small business for internal usage, the selling of clothing materials, food processing for milk and peanuts. Furthermore, the government authorized the production of pepper for PoCs so opportunities are subject to grow. Additionally, construction trades are lacking a viable working force. Main income sources for PoCs include small businesses at 17.8%, loans at 16.6% and gifts at 13.4%. 70% of PoCs from Mali  receive government assistance and 75% have land rights. However, 25% of PoCs lack adequate shelter (GFI).


Niger is prone to political instability and chronic foods insecurity. Additionally, Niger has one of the highest population growth rates internationally at 3.9% per annum. Niger has projected GDP growth of 4.5%, however, 27-35% of GDP is allocated to external public debt. One of the poorest countries in the world, ranking 187 of 188 countries on the UN Human Development Index, Niger has a poverty rate of 48.9%. As part of its refugee integration plan, the government allocated 40 million USD to help assist refugees attain their basic needs (World Bank). The most practiced industry in Diffa is agriculture, with the main crops being millet, sorghum cowpea and peanuts (Stat-Niger). Additional industries include agro-pastoral, fishing and small trade.

Country Response