Situation

 

Despite ongoing conflict in the North, Mali continues to provide a protective environment for PoCs. Mali signed and ratified the main instruments of protection including the 1952 Refugee Convention as well as the implementation of a national asylum law. PoCs are entitled to the same health and education benefits as nationals as well as access to the job market. Once recognized, PoCs obtain an ID, however it is not widely recognized. Additionally, PoCs failing to present an ID can face detention and deportation. 90% of the refugee population stem from Mauritania with 49.89% of refugees being women and 58% children (GFI). Due to a limited job market, PoCs have no choice but to work in informal employment, however the most promising sectors identified for PoC integration include fattening, renting kitchen equipment, car mechanics, jewellery and dyeing. Additionally, due to strains on national capacity due to conflict, 20% of the urban refugee population residing in Bamako are food insecure. 


Conflict and internal fighting has seriously weakened both the political fabric of Mali as well as its socio-economic stability, leading to the displacement of some 500,000 individuals both internally and into neighboring countries. Thus Mali’s economic situation collapsed in this context aggravating the vulnerability of the civilian population. Since the onset of international intervention, IDPs started returning to their original places of residence, however, as inter-community violence still prevails there is limited access to drinking water, livelihoods opportunities, education and health. Mali is a desert country, sparsely populated with 2/3 of the country being occupied by only 10% of the population. Mali has the highest population growth per annum in the entire world, with 80% of employment aged individuals working in the informal sector. 1/3 of Mali’s population mainly in urban regions produced 50% of the country’s overall GDP. Additionally, Mali scored 175 out of 187 in the Human Development Index.

Country Response