PoCs in Sudan have access to formal work permits, including land and resources. PoCs enjoy freedom of movement and financial services as well as business ownership. The UNHCR in partnership with government and local authorities is facilitating refugees access to employment and market access by issuing work permits. As part of the 2019 plan, 900 PoC in Sudan will receive work permits, 1,500 will have access to financial services and 2,500 will receive access to agricultural and livestock opportunities.
There are significant disparities between urban and rural areas are apparent, contributing to an increasingly urban informal sector which accounts for more than 60% of Sudan’s GDP. In fact, investments and services are concentrated in and around Khartoum state. This has encouraged a rural-urban migration that weakens the agricultural productivity and deepen poverty in both urban and rural areas (UNDP).
While there are numerous opportunities for PoC engagement in employment, the vast majority of opportunities are in the informal sector. Furthermore, Sudan remains a source, transit and destination country for irregular movements. Lack of access to development funding has a strong impact on the socio-economic status of PoCs. Additionally, inflation has culminated in a 100 % increase in cost of living, which has a detrimental impact on the entire local and refugee population.
According to the WFP 3,800,000 individuals in Sudan lack food security – or 9% of the population – and 42,792 receive food assistance.
10,987 beneficiaries from Refugee communities and host communities
1,769 households from Refugee and Host communities