As a signatory to the 1951 Refugee Convention, Turkey established a rights based legal framework for international and temporary protection, providing persons in need of international protection with a broad range of rights and entitlements (GFI). The PoC population in Turkey comprises 3.5% of the national population. Due to few employment opportunities and a weak enabling environment most PoCs remain unemployed. Since 2015 PoCs have the right to work, however, as most opportunities are in the informal sector, PoCs compete head to head with nationals for opportunities with a 6/10 ratio for nationals and PoCs. According to an initial analysis, PoCs are subject to increase Turkey’s GDP by 2-5% with over 45% at working age and 75% to be at working age in the next 15 years. 90% of PoCs are self-settled outside of the designated 26 camps, however, essential services are only provided within a camp setting. Of the PoCs lacking skills, 200,000 worked in agriculture prior to arriving in Turkey. Additionally, 50-60,000 PoCs have a background in Micro-entrepreneurship.

Turkey has a large informal economy with educated youth struggling to integrate into the job market. During 2005-2015, the working age population grew by 23 million, however, only 6 million jobs were created. Out of 171,454 current vacancies for non-professionals, 40.8% of vacancies are open for unskilled workers. The main sectors within the Turkish market system lacking viable workers are ship breaking, leather, picking and welding (Internal 1). Turkey has an unemployment rate of 12.3%, with self-employment at 17%. Only 46.5% of the Turkish workforce are enrolled in formal employment with 33.6% of nationals working informally. The strongest industries in Turkey consist of the agriculture industry at 18.6% of employment, the industry sector at 19.2% and the services industry at 54.6% (GoT).

The WFP re established its presence in Turkey to help assist the large refugee population, partnering with various humanitarian organizations in a multi stakeholder approach to assist PoCs living outside of the camps in host communities. The most recent contribution to the initiative came from the EU at a sum of 650 million Euros (WFP).

Country Response