Situation

 

PoCs in the DRC have  right to work permits but formal work opportunities are scarce. There are livelihood opportunities for PoCs, but the vast majority are in the informal sector. There is advocacy work to ensure that when  refugees travel to towns, they may access banks with their ID cards, however, currently, there are no banks within the vicinity of refugee hosting sites-additionally, not all refugees have ID cards. 26.4% of PoCs in the DRC are living in refugee camps while 72.8% are living out of camps but not in an urban setting. The largest populations of PoCs in the DRC are from Rwanda and CAR. The main livelihoods for refugees in DRC are as follows; 26.1% are students, 24% work as farmers or animal breeders and 29.9% work in the agriculture industry. It is important to note that over 60% of unemployed PoCs, including students constitute a workforce that can actively participate in activities that can lead to economic development for both PoCs and the host communities. A few sectors that have been identified as ideal for PoC integration include the agricultural industry, the livestock industry as well as small business activities.


Due to recent success in the mining industry, the DRC has seen an increase from 2.4% to 3.4%, with mining accounting for 80% of the DRC’s export revenue. Additionally, the DRC has seen a downward trend in domestic revenue, from 14.3% to 8.2%. Although the DRC ranks 176 out of the 187 countries in the Human Development Index (HDI) and has an inflation rate of 54.7%, the DRC has seen a decrease in its poverty rate from 71% to 64% (World Bank).

Hunger in the DRC is increasing at a concerning rate.  7.7 million people within the DRC are classified by the WFP as severely food insecure, which is a 30% increase from the previous year. Furthermore, over  2.2 million children are suffering from severe acute malnutrition with 9.3% of the population consuming an acceptable minimum diet (WFP)

Country Response