Currently PoCs have no right to work, own land, own business, own bank account, no financial services as well as no freedom of movement. There are more lenient policies for PoCs from Somalia and Eritrea, however, the GoE has implemented legal measures to help adopt the CRRF. Central Ethiopia is home to 7 refugee camps with over 900,000 from 19 different countries. 67% of PoCs in the region have limited skills prohibiting them from income generating opportunities and PoCs sell over 20% of food aid to sustain themselves. Additionally, 87% of PoCs in the region are women and children. 43.7% of PoCs live in independent houses with 56.3% receiving housing assistance from the government/NGOs. The main challenges for PoCs would be lack of skills knowledge regarding agriculture, although 38.1% previously worked in agriculture so training in new agricultural technology can assist PoC access to employment. 73% of PoCs have food shortages with 32.6% of PoCs work in irregular employment and 25.6% are supported by NGO’s.

Ethiopia was one of the first countries to adopt the CRRF. Small scale agriculture is the strongest sector in Ethiopia for inclusion with maize being the most formidable crop. Main stakeholders in the industry being while sellers, retailers and petty traders. Other sectors for inclusion include the livestock industry as well as hair cutting. 98% of rural dwellers work in agriculture while 64% of small town dwellers work in the industry as well. After agriculture, cash and food transfers are the 2nd most common forms of income. Additionally, financial inclusion for host community is low with only 22% of adults having bank accounts (World Bank). According to the WFP, 7.8 million Ethiopians require food assistance with 1.8 million Ethiopians being in need of life saving food assistance (WFP).

Country Response